After destroying temples and archaeological sites in Syria and Iraq, the jihadists of the Islamic State (EI) now threaten to ruin cultural heritage in Libya. The warning was made by experts who believe that the terrorists began to loot and sell antiques African country.
The International Council of Museums published a list of archaeological treasures in danger, and called for Interpol, customs officials and art dealers to exercise caution with Libyan objects. Among the treasures are threatened busts of mausoleums, sculptures and medieval artifacts, such as coins decorated with a now defunct flower. Extremists of EI can be collecting these goods on their raids Libya, reported the British newspaper The Guardian. The sale of archaeological objects on the black market is one way of financing the jihadists.
Monitoring sculptures and mausoleums in Cyrene, an ancient Greek colony in Libyan territory, and paintings and sculptures in stone more than 12,000 years in the desert region of the country has become impossible in the chaos that followed the revolution and death of dictator Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. Libya is now a desolate region for smuggling of arms and people and the Islamic extremism.
History – With the fall of Muammar Gaddafi, the nation did not have a power that could unite the country. One year after the fall of the regime and in the process of reconstruction after the bombs dropped on Libya by the international coalition, there were the first free elections that seemed to lead Libyans to a true democracy. But the still lingering confrontations and violence between various militias and former rebels who did not abandon the weapons, complicated the situation.
In August 2014, the country went into total collapse with the division between political institutions. Amid this chaos, the area of Sirte in the north, fell into the hands of terrorists of the Islamic State. On the last day 7, the Pentagon confirmed the death of the commander of the Islamic state in Libya, Abu Nabil, in the city of Derna last month.
UNESCO, the cultural agency of the United Nations, says the destruction and looting at archaeological sites in the Middle East, as promoted by the Islamic State in Palmyra in Syria, should be considered a war crime. Videos released in recent months show explosions in the temples of the historic city Syrian militants and destroying with sledgehammers relics in Iraqi museums.